Spot Welding

Questions and Answers

There are many variables in nut welding that can change. In your inquiry it was stated that the material and weld nuts were the same. Are they?

Is this coated material? Is the coating the same everywhere all of the time? Is the material clean or oxidized consistently?

Projection weld nuts are known to have variable projections in size, shape and height.

Does the nut feed onto the locating pin properly or hang up once in a while?

Is the locating pin properly insulated? Has the insulation worn? Is current shunting through the pin?

Is the weld cylinder hesitating/hanging up and not moving fast enough? Fast follow up for cylinders or servos is imperative for weld strength.

Is the tooling aligned properly for even touch down of all equal projections?

  Electrodes not flat and parrallel projection welding

Projections missing or wrong size will cause the same problem as above.

Have any shunts or cables begun to wear or insulation worn? Worn cables and shunts will definitely change the weld results.

This is a very common material in the industry and there are many publications with weld schedules available. These schedules were developed on specific machines and material with specific chemistry and properties. Your machine and material will vary. These schedule settings will produce a weld but may require some adjustment to produce the best results for your particular situation, material and equipment.

It is not a perfect world but in a perfect world one wants to maintain a constant current density at the electrode face. Therefor as the electrode face grows, the current should be increased to match this growth. A simple chart demonstrates this and is published in many places. Here is an excerpt:

Electrode Wear versus Power

This Figure demonstrates the growth of the weld face and the need to increase the weld current at a rate to maintain the original current density.


The answer to this question depends upon the product being welding, the quality standard, power availability and equipment intended for the job. If this is to be a robot/automation operation MFDC may be the best choice. It will reduce the weld gun weight. If the plant has a power shortage again MFDC comes to the forefront. It is three phase which will balance the load and it will use less total power than AC.

  Eight millisecond DC pulse

If strict quality standards are necessary MFDC in (ms) may also lend itself to more fine control.


DC has not been mentioned since standard DC has mostly been replaced by MFDC due to DC’s costs and physical size.

This does not rule out AC. It is tried and true. AC is more robust with longer life and is more familiar to many facilities. If you use press welders, power is not an issue and work with normal quality standards AC is a good choice. If the facility already has many other AC units for backup AC would be a very good choice.

For a complete comparison and discussion of the two topics read another article in this blog:


To extend this question, if the schedule can be the same will there be issues in a push/pull weld arrangement? The two materials are similar. The cold rolled is harder and may distort a little from the heating. The hot rolled is softer.  Both are relatively easy to spot weld. The difference in their individual weld schedules is very small maybe 2%. Yes, they should run on the same weld schedule assuming similar thicknesses and compositions.

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