Pressure is one of the major components of the welding process Pressure, Current & Time (PCT). In most weld schedules pressure is called out as a force value. Pressure is this same value as force but applied to the surface area of the electrode contact face.
Pressure is important because it provides the necessary mechanical force holding the two or more surfaces together during the welding sequence. This insures a good current path and contains the molten metal that may form to prevent expulsion.
The term “Pressure-Controlled Resistance Welding” is not familiar to me.
A question just came in asking what is duty cycle. This has been answered by a previous article reproduced below:
WHAT IS TRANSFORMER % DUTY CYCLE?
Duty cycle is a measurement of the % of the time that the transformer is conducting current during one minute. This value is used to insure that the electrical components are not operating above their thermal capability. Resistance welding transformers are rated at a 50% duty cycle. Each application may operate at different duty cycle up to and including 100% continuous.
THE FORMULA TO CALCULATE DUTY CYCLE FOR AC is:
THE FORMULA TO CALCULATE DUTY CYCLE FOR MFDC is:
Other articles in this blog on this subject are:
Reference: RWMA Resistance Welding Manual 4th Edition, Chapter 19
This question has already been answered by another article in this blog:
“HOW DO YOU SIZE A RESISTANCE WELDING TRANSFORMER?”
Please refer to the above article for the answer.
Robot transformers are very robust. They can last for years, if water cooled properly and operated under their rated duty cycle. Overheating a transformer damages the internal insulation and will lead to a short between the primary and secondary coils. Exceeding or running at the rated duty cycle will shorten the life of the diodes in the system.
There are many published resistance welding schedules available for many materials from many sources. In North America the most complete and easily obtained document is an American Welding Society Standard:
AWS C1.1 “Recommended Practices for Resistance Welding”
This document has over forty weld schedules for various materials and processes. They were developed for AC. Twenty-seven of these schedules have a footnote addressing MFDC*.
*FOR DC WELDING EQUIPMENT LOWER CURRENT SETTINGS MAY BE APPROPRIATE
For comparison, there are very few published schedules at this time for MFDC. In fact, development of schedules specifically for MFDC may not happen since all published schedules are used as examples of starting point value “targets”. They are not meant to be dialed in and used as exact values. Industry has learned that the current AC schedules have served well as targets for MFDC equipment.
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