Why is the control of pressure important in resistance welding?

Pressure is one of the major component of the welding process Pressure, Current & Time (PCT). In most weld schedules pressure is called out as a force value. Pressure is this same value as force but applied to the surface area of the electrode contact face. See the article - How are force and pressure related?
Pressure is important because it provides the necessary mechanical force holding the two or more surfaces together during the welding sequence. This insures a good current path and contains the molten metal that may form to prevent expulsion. During the hold/solidification sequence the pressure/force provides a forging action which can strengthen the weld nugget.
Additionally changes in the force value up or down can change the heat generated in the part due to the change in the contact resistance. For example more force means better contact and more current flow. This can create or reduce electrode face wear or sticking and shift heat balance. Indentation can also be altered. The opposite can be done with less force.

 Pressure vs Contact Resistance

PRESSURE AND CONTACT RESISTANCE ARE INVERSELY RELATED

 

Additional articles that address related pressure/force topics are:

What is the force component of a weld schedule?

How are force and pressure related?

What happens if I change the force?

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