This question has been answered already in another article in this blog:
That article stated that the normal low voltage of 4-6 volts cannot overcome the resistivity of the water. Since the resistivity of the copper conductors is very low. The current flows preferentially (thousands of amperes) through the conductors and electrodes and a negligible amount flows through the water.
This assumes that the water is maintained properly as specified by:
AWS STANDARD J1.2 “GUIDE TO INSTALLATION AND MAINTANANCE OF RESISTANCE WELDING MACHINES”
Reference: AWS J1.2M:2016
Resistance Welding Manual, 4th Edition