Part fit up is very important in determining the quality of resistance welds. All weld schedules call out a force value with the purpose of holding the part together, containing the weld nugget and performing a little forging as the weld cools. If the part does not fit up properly then part of this force is used to force or form the part into place and is not available to contain and forge the weld nugget.
Internal cracks in the weld nugget can lead to decreased strength and need to be prevented or reduced.
Electrode sticking to the work piece generally is caused by excessive heating between the electrode and the work piece. In the Relative Resistivity Diagram RC has become too large. Any factor which would cause this is an issue that must be addressed to prevent this manufacturing problem. In many cases this condition is accompanied with excessive surface expulsion.
Electrode face mushrooming is the normal wear mechanism of a spot welding electrode. To slow this process or prevent excessive mushrooming one must control several factors in the welding process.
Surface expulsion is caused when the part surface heats up. So anything which would cause this, could be a reason. The appearance is similar to interface expulsion. In this case we are looking for conditions which cause the contact surface heat to be high.
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