Part fit up is very important in determining the quality of resistance welds. All weld schedules call out a force value with the purpose of holding the part together, containing the weld nugget and performing a little forging as the weld cools. If the part does not fit up properly then part of this force is used to force or form the part into place and is not available to contain and forge the weld nugget.
Cracks appearing in the parent material around the weld nugget can be caused by several issues. They are:
High Weld Force – can fracture the parent material with excessive forging action.
Insufficient Cooling – Over heating can cause excessive stresses from expansion and contraction along with the forging action.
Metallurgy of Material Welded – Some materials become brittle at the temperatures experienced in resistance welding.
Internal cracks in the weld nugget can lead to decreased strength and need to be prevented or reduced.
Surface expulsion is caused when the part surface heats up. So anything which would cause this, could be a reason. The appearance is similar to interface expulsion. In this case we are looking for conditions which cause the contact surface heat to be high.
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